Country Report: Argentina
EAAF continued its work in Argentina to identify people who disappeared during the last military regime, moving investigations forward in the provinces of Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Córdoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La Rioja, Mendoza, Misiones, Santa Fe, and Tucumán. EAAF is providing evidence in new and reopened prosecutions.
In 2005, EAAF continued its work in Argentina to identify people who disappeared during the last military regime, moving investigations forward in the provinces of Buenos Aires, Córdoba, Chaco, Jujuy, Tucumán, Santa Fe, Catamarca, and Entre Ríos.
EAAF conducted extensive preliminary historical investigation and collection of antemortem data of disappeared people for the Cordoba Project in preparation for exhumation of the San Vicente Cemetery in Cordoba City; thirteen identifications of disappeared persons; exhumations in Bahia Blanca and Berazategui; recovery work at the Medical Legal Institute at La Plata; and the results of the investigation at the Avellaneda Cemetery
In 2001, EAAF identified the remains of two Argentine citizens and ten Uruguayans; continued to work with government documents, including fingerprints; and provided services to the families of disappeared persons.
~ Part I ~
Recovery and analysis of official documents from the last military dictatorship. Identification of disappeared people at the Fatima massacre, at Santa Fé province, and at the city of Buenos Aires. Enlarging the Blood Sample database project. Academic activities. Photo exhibit activities. Collaborative agreements.
~ Part II ~
Human rights prosecutions of Argentinean military officer in Argentina, Spain, Germany, Italy, Switzerland, France, Israel, USA, and at the InterAmerican Human Rights System from the OAS.
- Public and Confidential Archives covering the Military government (1976-1984)
- The Buenos Aires Provincial Police Archives
- Analysis of information found in the “intelligence Reports”
- Comparison of fingerprints from unindentified cadavers who died of violent causes and fingerprints found in the National Registry Office
- Relatives who consulted EAAF’s Database
- The Case of Elena Arce Sahores, Nora Livia Formiga, and Margarita Delgado
- Identification of Luis A. Vuistaz, Rolando E. Oviedo, Norma Muerzet, and Silvia Haydée Wollert in the Province of Santa Fé
- The Fatima Case: the Identification of Susana Pedrini de Bronzel
- Disappearances during the Democratic Period
- The Balmaceda Case
- The Guardati Case
- Academic Activities
- Research into historical sources
- Investigations of cases arising from this research
- Services to families of disappeared persons
- Creation of a “blood bank”
- Academic activities
- The detention of General Videla
- The detention of Admiral Massera
- Other Trials of former Officials
- The Scilingo revelations and the International trials
- Acces to new government sources
- Buenos Aires Provincial Police
- Fifteen new Identifications
- Services to Relatives of the Disappeared
- Creation of a “Blood Bank”
- The Tablada Case
- Identification of Gastón Roberto Jose Goncalvez
- The Novillo Corvalán Case
- Academic Activities
Annual Report 1994-1995
- Former Navy Captain Scilingo revelations
- Armed Forces public acknowledment of atrocities
- Formation of H.I.J.O.S
- Introduction to Argentine cases
- The Case of Mario Alfredo Stirnemann
- The Case of Ana Maria del Carmen Granada de Goncalves
- The Case of Andres Nuñez
- The Case of Miguel Bru
- The Case of Sandra Noemi di Nofa
- The Case of Lake San Roque
- The Case of San Andres de Giles
- Academic Activites
Annual Report 1993
- The Zanocco Case.
- The Molinete-Olivier Case.
- The Cañuelas Case.
- The Adjiman- Shajer-El Ganame Case.
- The Cubas Case.
- The Avellaneda cemetery Case.
Annual Report 1992
~ The Manfil Case ~
Since January 1988, EAAF has worked in Sector 134 of the Municipal Cemetary of Avellaneda, located 30 miles South of Buenos Aires. In August 1992, positive identifications were made on Carlos L. Manfil, Angelica Zarate de Manfil, and Carlitos Manfil.
~ The Case of Colonia Montes de Oca ~
The Colonia Montes de Oca is located 100 km. from Buenos Aires city. It is a rural state institution for the mentally retarded. In April 1992, the judicial authorities discovered a series of crimes. The Federal judge of Mercedes, Province of Buenos Aires, Dr. Heredia, asked EAAF to exhume the remains which may have belonged to Marcelo Ortiz, one of the patients of the institution. At age 16, Marcelo, severely retarded and unable to walk, disappeared. Twenty days later, a decomposed body was found within the area of the Colonia. A blood sample from Marcelo's grandmother is being processed and EAAF awaits the results.
Annual Report 1991
The team completed 90% of the excavation on Sector 134 of the Avellaneda cemetery, located in the outskirts of the city of Buenos Aires, in which disappeared people were buried in a series of common graves between 1976 and 1978. EAAF recovered so far 302 individuals many of whom are supposed to correspond to disappeared people.
In 1991, the laboratory work was still in its early stages. However, three disappeared people were identified within the recovered remains from Avellaneda: Luis Adolfo Jaramillo, Maria Adela Garin and Lidia Massironi de Perdoni. EAAF continued the historical research related with the identity of these individuals.
The team also worked on the Miguel Angel Morello case at the Lomas de Zamora cemetery.
Academic activities: The team conducted a seminar at the University of Buenos Aires, and hosted five foreign students through academic exchange with EAAF.
The team also positively identified the remains of Luis Adolfo Jaramillo, Marie Adelia Garin and Lidia Massironi de Perdoni, all of whom disappeared during the last military government and were found in the Avellaneda cemetery.